Dr. Paul Morris
I completed my PhD under the supervision of Professor Tony Gale at the University of Southampton. I then spent several years working for pharmaceutical companies on the development of anti-depressants and neuroleptics before returning to academia at Portsmouth.
I contribute a number of units to a variety of courses in the department. I present a year one unit on animal behaviour and a final year unit on advanced statistical methods on the BSc Psychology programme. I also present units on research methods in a variety of post graduate programmes. In terms of values I think there is now a relative neglect of the value of education as a good in itself. Higher education should be about more than producing ever more efficient producers and consumers.
My research is focused on the ecological approach to psychology. Within this theoretical framework I have a diverse range of interests including secondary emotions in animals and infants, animal personality, inter species communication and the embodiment of emotions and intentions. Taking as inspiration the work of John Dewey and James Gibson (amongst others), I think that emotions and intentions should be considered as being created in the transaction between an organism and its social and physical world, rather than as private, internal mental events. My research leads me to question ‘theory of mind’ approaches to understanding; I am also sceptical of the traditional scientific scepticism of animal consciousness.
Publications before 2006
Draghi-Lorenz, R., Reddy, V. & MORRIS, P.H. (2005). Adult perceptions of infant shy expressions. Infant and Child Development, 14, 63-83.
Reddy, V. & MORRIS, P.H. (2004) Participants don't need theories: Knowing minds in engagement. Theory & Psychology, 14, 647-665.
MORRIS, P. H., & Gale, A., & Duffy, K. (2002). Can judges agree on the personalities of horses? Personality and Individual Differences, 33, 67-81.
MORRIS. P.H., Gale, A., & Howe, S. (2002). The factor structure of horse personality. Anthrozoos, 15, 300-322.
Gale, A., Edwards, J., MORRIS, P.H., Moore, R. & Forrester, D. (2001). Extraversion-introversion, neuroticism-stability, and EEG indicators of positive and negative empathic mood. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 449-461.
MORRIS, P.H. & Costall A. P. (2000) Beyond anecdotes: Am empirical study of 'anthropomorphism'. Society and Animals, 8, 1063-1119
MORRIS, P.H., Reddy, V., & Bunting, R.C. (1995). The survival of the cutest: who's responsible for the evolution of the teddy bear? Animal Behaviour, 50, 1697-1700.