School of Social, Historical and Literary Studies
SSHLS is located in the Milldam building, a historic quadrangle in the university’s north zone. Its oldest parts date from the eighteenth century, with the rest built in the nineteenth and refurbished for university use in the twentieth.
Milldam is only tangentially related to the mill in its name, which was sited a little south and east of the School; it is, in fact, located where the dammed waters that powered the mill would have been. The waters were gradually filled in, partly through natural processes and partly through the works that extended the railway line from the town centre to the harbour.
Apart from the Grade II listed section on the north-east side, which was a nineteenth-century poor school, much of Milldam’s history is actually related to the military. It was used as a gathering space for local militia since at least as far back as the Napoleonic Wars, after which it became a Royal Engineers barracks until 1969, when the Army put the building up for sale and the then-President identified the building’s potential for the university.
The city took over the office of the Chief Engineer, which became the Registry Office, while the rest of the buildings were shaped into the SSHLS space that they now are.
Echoes of that history are still visible. The labelling of the buildings, to help you navigate, has been carried across from that period, and in the grassy quad (which was previously a parade ground) you will find the stone base of a heavy gun emplacement, often mistaken for a millstone. Similar emplacements still installed are visible in the city’s Broad Street and Southsea Castle.
After the University’s purchase of the building, the rooms were rapidly converted into studies, offices and teaching spaces. This has improved the facilities available to our students and staff, particularly with further renovations and developments in the late 1990s. We may have lost some cast-iron fireplaces and an imposing doorway to the largest room, but we have gained lifts, lecture theatres, and welcoming reception areas, not to mention a specialised news room for our journalism students and – as of 2010 – the newly installed Milldam Student Centre.
Connection to the social history of the area
Toward the end of its military existence, the barracks made family units available for married officers. A number of people who had lived here as children have been interviewed by Dr James Thomas, Reader in Local and Maritime History, who reports that they tell us it is a much nicer space now!
Dr Thomas’ research also uncovered an account of an 1880s Christmas party held in Milldam, which he presented to students in the modernised lecture theatre, and asked them to guess which room may have hosted this party. It was, of course, the very space they were in.