Portsmouth Business School
Past Hot Topics
Conservation, Culture, Commerce and Crime: Addressing the Problem of Ivory and Rhino Horn Product Markets
- Date: 9 November 2016
- Time: 5.30pm
- Venue: Portsmouth Business School
This Hot Topic was aimed at anyone with an interest in the law and economics of the illegal wildlife trade and specifically the trade in elephant ivory. The British Government is under pressure to ban the sales of all ivory, including ivory antiques but what effect will this really have on the current declining elephant populations?
Elephant population numbers are seriously declining due to poaching activity to provide illegal ivory for crafted items, sculpture and jewellery. Despite seemingly robust legislation controlling legal ivory sales (including export permit requirements for UK sales abroad) and the that fact that synthetic ivory can now be created to the same diagnostic standards as genuine ivory, selling at a fraction of the cost, the demand for the ‘real thing’ continues to rise in craft and antique markets with very few prosecutions in the UK. Moreover, there is evidence to suggest that “ghost ivory” (post-1947 worked ivory being sold as pre-1947 worked ivory) is being sold by traders to the unsuspecting and uneducated buyer. Two key illegal sub-markets are identified and a socio-legal and economic analysis of the regulatory options available were presented.
Caroline Cox, School of Law, Portsmouth Business School
Caroline specialises in Equity & Trusts and Public Law which she teaches on the undergraduate program. She is also an Employability co-ordinator for the Law School and teaches on the Research and Professional Development undergraduate course, preparing students for life after graduation. Caroline teaches conveyancing on the CILEX accredited course to both undergraduate and post graduates. “I try to show my students that as lawyers we need to be able to communicate our knowledge to our clients, colleagues and fellow professionals. At Portsmouth we are strong advocates of links between the university and its students and the profession. Employability is key. Preparation for professional life is vital.”
Caroline joined the University in 2014 after 18 years in private practice where she specialised in Private Client matters, including wills and trusts, inheritance tax planning and elderly client advice (particularly in relation to mental capacity and powers of attorney). She has also advised new and established charities with regards to regulations and governance issues and she has acted a Trustee for a local charity.
Professor Alan Collins, Professor of Economics, Portsmouth Business School
Alan is Professor of Economics and Head of the Economics and Finance Subject Group. Previously, he was a Research Fellow, Strathclyde University and an Engineer/Planner with Babtie Consulting Engineers based in West Yorkshire. Alan teaches a wide range of subjects at both undergraduate and postgraduate level. His teaching interests include Environmental Economics and Policy, Managerial Economics, Social Economics, Transport Economics, and Cultural Economics.He is an active researcher in a number of fields, the most significant of which are environmental and natural resource economics, urban and transport economics, social and cultural economics.