Meet Our Readers
Our readers are a distinguished group of researchers delivering high quality at the University of Portsmouth. Their reputation for excellence extends well beyond the University. They have achieved national and international recognition for their innovative research and for their distinctive contributions to teaching and learning, enterprise, knowledge transfer and professional activities.
Our readers regularly win fellowship and research awards from organisations such as the Royal Academy of Engineering, the Natural Environment Research Council, the Arts and Humanities Research Council, The Science, Technology and Facilities Council, and the Royal Astronomical Society. Their research calibre is such that they also benefit from commercial follow on funding from the major research councils.
Readers are part of a wider research community that includes our professors, research staff and postgraduate research students. The contribution of all our researchers enriches the quality of many of the University’s activities from teaching to business and innovation services.
Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
- Dr Tamsin Bradley
- Reader in International Development Studies
I am an applied social anthropologist working in international development. I have conducted research exploring the interfaces between gender, religion and development in India, Pakistan, Tanzania, Nigeria, Rwanda and Sierra Leone. My current research focuses on gender-based violence, with specific projects exploring female genital mutilation in Africa and rape and dowry-related harassment in India. I have secured research grants and consultancy contracts from DFID, ESRC, EU and the British Academy.
I am co-director of the Dowry Project a network of academics and practitioners working to eradicate dowry and related violence. I have published a number of books and articles most recently a volume documenting the life stories of Black Minority Ethnic women in the UK, Women Violence and Tradition: Taking FGM and other practices to a Secular State (2011, London: Zed Press).
- Dr Sue Bruley
- Reader in Modern History
I have taught History at the University of Portsmouth since 1988. I have long standing research interests in the fields of gender, women’s history and oral history. My publications include Women in Britain Since 1900 (Macmillan 1999), Working for Victory, Life in a World War Two Factory (ed, 2001 Sutton) and The Women and Men of 1926, The General Strike and Miners’ Lockout in South Wales (University of Cardiff Press 2010). I am especially interested in working class women. My current research concerns the Women’s Liberation Movement in Britain c 1968-80 and in particular its impact on personal life. I have extensive experience of oral history and have conducted hundreds of interviews across many different projects, as well as teaching oral history. I also teach a special subject on ‘Gender, Sexuality and War 1922-80’ and an option ‘The First World War, A Social and Gender History’. I am a fellow of the Royal Historical Society and I am on the steering committee of the Women’s History Network. I am also a member of the Social History Society, the Oral History Society and the International Oral History Association. I am an experienced PhD supervisor and welcome expressions of interest concerning any of the research areas mentioned above.
- Dr Sarah Charman
- Reader in Criminology
I have been teaching and researching in the field of Criminology since joining the then recently formed Institute of Criminal Justice Studies at the University of Portsmouth in 1994. My research area has focused upon a sociological and cultural analysis of policing. It is through this fascinating micro-analysis of the values, beliefs and attitudes of police officers that we can have a much better understanding of their behaviours and actions. This research focus has considered both senior ranks (Policing and the Power of Persuasion, 2000) and more recently a four year longitudinal study concerned with the origins of police
culture within a changing social, economic and political landscape (Becoming Blue: Police Socialisation, Identity and Culture, 2017). Other research areas have been in the interoperability of police officers and ambulance staff, campaigns for justice and the politics of criminal justice. I am the Editor of the International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice.
After 7 years of managing the full-time Criminology degree programmes at ICJS, I moved to take over responsibility of the part-time distance learning undergraduate degree programmes. I have established new and comprehensive systems of student support, initiated a range of bespoke induction programmes, fundamentally transformed methods of course delivery and utilised cutting edge innovative technology both to market DL degrees and to support and educate our students through our delivery mechanisms.
- Dr Páraic Finnerty
- Reader in English and American Literature
My research primarily focuses on transatlantic literary relations, exploring the circulation of works, authors, ideas, themes and genres between the United States and Britain, and areas of convergence and divergence in reading practices and cultural reception. My first book examines Shakespeare’s reception in nineteenth-century America and locates the American poet Emily Dickinson’s allusions to his writings in this context. My second book assesses Dickinson’s reading of and response to the poetry of Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Robert Browning, Alfred Tennyson, the Brontës, and George Eliot at a cultural moment in which Americans conceptualised and defined the category ‘Victorian Poetry’. In 2012, I was awarded an Early Career Fellowship by the Arts and Humanities Research Council to facilitate the completion of this book-length project. I have also co-authored one of the first books on Victorian celebrity culture, which includes new interpretations of works by Edward Lear, G.F. Watts and Alfred Tennyson. In addition, I have published research on early modern writing, specifically on Shakespeare's works and amity; on nineteenth-century literature, in particular, on the fiction of Henry James and English masculinities; and on contemporary literature and film, with a specific focus on the representation of gender, sexuality and criminality. I am a member of the Board of Directors of the Emily Dickinson International Society and currently serve on the Editorial Board of the Society’s journal and organise the Society’s two panels at the annual American Literature Association conference. I am currently the Deputy Director of the Centre for Studies in Literature at the University of Portsmouth.
- Dr Lincoln Geraghty
- Reader in Popular Media Cultures
Following undergraduate and postgraduate studies at Lancaster and Nottingham universities I joined the University of Portsmouth in 2004, as a Lecturer in Media Studies. In January 2007, I become Principal Lecturer in Media Studies and was Subject Leader for the BA(Hons) Media Studies and combined honours degree programmes until 2011. In May 2011, I was made Reader and became Director of the Centre of Cultural and Creative Research. My PhD, from the University of Nottingham, focussed on Star Trek fans and American culture and my research interests have rested mainly in the areas of science fiction, popular culture, American film and television. As I have published on fans and fan practices my research has turned to examine more closely the cultural and creative links between audiences and the media entertainment industries; particularly the affective and nostalgic relationships fans create when collecting media merchandise and children’s toys from their past.
I serve as editorial advisor for The Journal of Popular Culture, Reconstruction, Journal of Fandom Studies and Journal of Popular Television, and I am Fellow of the HEA and RSA. I have edited The Influence of Star Trek on Television, Film and Culture (McFarland, 2008), Channeling the Future: Essays on Science Fiction and Fantasy Television (Scarecrow, 2009), The Smallville Chronicles: Critical Essays on the Television Series (Scarecrow, 2011), and, with Mark Jancovich, The Shifting Definitions of Genre: Essays on Labeling Film, Television Shows and Media (McFarland, 2008). I am now editing the Directory of World Cinema: American Hollywood, two volumes from Intellect (2011 & 2015). My first book was Living with Star Trek: American Culture and the Star Trek Universe (IB Tauris, 2007) followed by American Science Fiction Film and Television (Berg, 2009). My third book, entitled Cult Collectors: Nostalgia, Fandom and Collecting Popular Culture, was published by Routledge in 2014.
- Dr Marius Kwint
- Reader in Visual Culture
I joined the School of Art and Design at Portsmouth in 2008, following a long period lecturing in history of art at the University of Oxford. Prior to that, I had been Senior Research Fellow at the Victoria and Albert Museum and Royal College of Art. My doctoral thesis was on the eighteenth- century circus.
I enjoy the variety and openness of teaching practice-based students at Portsmouth. Their diverse aims and interests test my versatility and call upon my interdisciplinary background in cultural history and my more recent research in the intersection of science and art. It is also gratifying to see humanities scholarship influencing practical outcomes, and conversely, what we discover together sometimes feeds my research.
Whilst at Portsmouth, I have been able to undertake some exciting projects, such as curating an exhibition of large-scale figurative drawings by Beth Fisher in its first tour from the Royal Scottish Academy in the CCI Faculty Space Centre in 2010. In 2012 I was guest curator of the exhibition Brains: the Mind as Matter at Wellcome Collection in London and re-curated it in 2013 for MOSI (Museum of Science and Industry) in Manchester. This was Wellcome’s most popular exhibition to date and its impact was decisive in setting up a new aspect of MOSI and in establishing an ongoing series of neuroscience events at Latitude Festival in Suffolk. I have since been honoured to write the catalogue essay for the Jerwood Makers Open 2014 award, which offers an important opportunity to leading early-career artist-designers.
- Karen Heard-Laureote
- Reader in European Politics
I am a Reader in European Politics and Course Leader for the Masters in Research (MRes) Humanities and Social Science. I am also the Deputy Director of the University’s Centre for European and International Studies Research (CEISR). Within this role I am primarily engaged in encouraging, supporting and promoting high-quality research so as to enable the Research Centre to maintain its leading position in interdisciplinary research in the humanities and social sciences. Working with other research leaders to consolidate and improve the Research Centre’s position as a hub for high-quality, high-impact research at a regional, national and international level, is an integral part of the process.
I co-lead (with Wolfram Kaiser) the Transnational Europe Research Cluster. The broad focus of this group concerns research into cross-border transnational and supranational dimensions of Europe and European Union past and present.
I am Project Leader for “Experts and expertise in politics and policy-making” and the Expert Strategic Research Project (ESRP) at the University of Portsmouth. I am also the Project Leader for the Transnational Experts and Expertise Project Stream, on behalf of the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence for Studies in Transnational Europe (CESTE).
I have published in journals such as Journal of European Integration History and Public Policy and Administration and contributed to sections within three books. My monograph, European Union governance: efficiency and legitimacy in European Commission committees was published in 2010.
- Dr Fabiano Lemes de Oliveira
- Reader in Urbanism and Architecture
I am a Reader in Urbanism and Architecture. I hold a PhD in History and Theory of Architecture and Urbanism awarded by the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) in Barcelona and an MPhil and Degree in Architecture and Urbanism, both awarded by the University of São Paulo. My research expertise is in planning models aimed at balancing urbanisation with nature, in particular related to the green wedge idea; green and blue infrastructure; sustainable and resilient planning models and planning history and theory.
I have published a number of journal articles, book chapters and conference papers. Recent publications include articles in internationally-prestigious journals such as Planning Perspectives and Town Planning Review. My book entitled Green Wedge Urbanism: History, Theory and Contemporary Practice is in press and will be published by Bloomsbury in February 2017.
I am a member of the AHRC Peer Review College and have also reviewed grant applications for the EPSRC, ESRC, São Paulo Research Foundation and the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research. I am a member of the International Planning History Society, the Place Alliance’s steering group, the Place Alliance Universities Network and the Place Alliance Healthy Places working group. I contribute to research leadership in a number of capacities, including being the REF coordinator for UoA 16.
- Dr Kay Peggs
- Reader in Sociology
I am a Fellow of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics. My expertise is in social theory and social research methods. My current research addresses the persistence of complex inequalities associated with species, including critical reflection on the relative neglect in sociology of this area of inequality. My monograph Animals and Sociology (Palgrave Macmillan 2012) is an innovative contribution to the field. I have published in journals such as Sociology, Sociological Review, British Journal of Sociology, Journal of Animal Ethics, Sociological Research Online, Society and Animals, Humanimalia, and Research Policy and Planning. I am assistant editor of The Handbook of Practical Animal Ethics (Palgrave Macmillan), have authored ‘Animal Suffering Matters’ and co-authored (with Barry Smart) ‘Suffering existence: nonhuman animals and the question of ethics’ for that volume. My monograph Experiments, Animal Bodies and Human Values (Ashgate) is forthcoming. I am a Consultant Editor of the Journal of Animal Ethics and member of both the Advisory Board of the Palgrave Macmillan Series on Animal Ethics and a major international review of the ethics of using animals in research. I lead the research project ‘Veganism – Ethics and Lifestyle’ (with Barry Smart and Joseph Burridge), am a member of the Advisory Board of Food Ethics (University of Vienna) and consultant on food policy to the British Sociological Association conference committee. My co-authored monograph (with Richard Lampard) Identity and Repartnering after Separation (Palgrave Macmillan 2007) was based on work undertaken as a Research Fellow in Sociology (University of Warwick). I co-edited a reference work on Observation Methods (SAGE 2013) with Barry Smart and Joseph Burridge and we have been commissioned to co-edit Critical Social Research Ethics (SAGE). I am a member of the British, American, and International Sociological Associations and served for five years as Director and Trustee of the British Sociological Association.
- Dr Patricia Pulham
- Reader in Victorian Literature
I completed my doctoral studies at Queen Mary, University of London, and have been at the University of Portsmouth since 2004. My interests centre on nineteenth-century literature, art and culture and I have published widely on key Victorian topics and writers. Most recently I was lead editor of a four-volume collection Spiritualism 1840-1930, in the Routledge ‘Victorian Concepts’ series, which was published in 2014. I currently head a project on Victorian literary heritage leading a team of researchers focusing on figures of local and global significance, such as Dickens, Tennyson, and Conan Doyle. I was instrumental in developing a series of public engagement initiatives to celebrate the Dickens bicentenary in 2012, and am currently working with colleagues and partners at Dimbola Museum & Galleries to mark the Julia Margaret Cameron bicentenary in 2015. I am also interested in the resurgence of Victorian ideas, figures, and concepts in contemporary fiction and have published an edited collection and chapters on neo-Victorian literature.
I sit on the board of the British Association of Victorian Studies and am a member of the AHRC’s Peer Review College. At present, I am writing a monograph, contracted to Edinburgh University Press, which examines the impact of classical and renaissance sculpture on the Victorian literary imagination, and collaborating with academics and cultural bodies in Europe and the UK to develop new research projects with funding potential.
- Dr Deborah Shaw
- Reader in Film Studies
I have been the Associate Dean (Research) in the Faculty of Creative and Cultural Industries since 2014. I am a Reader in Film Studies with research interests in Latin American cinema, transnational film theory, film funding bodies, Latin Americans and Latinos in US cinema, and cinema and migration and I have published widely in these areas. I am the founding co-editor of the Routledge journal Transnational Cinemas, and author of The Three Amigos: The Transnational Filmmaking of Guillermo del Toro, Alejandro González Iñárritu, and Alfonso Cuarón, Manchester University Press (2013), and Contemporary Latin American Cinema: Ten Key Films (Continuum Publishers, 2003).
I have published a number of edited and co-edited books including, Contemporary Latin American Cinema: Breaking into the Global Market, Rowman and Littlefield (2007), and co-edited The Transnational Fantasies of Guillermo del Toro, Palgrave Macmillan (2014, with Ann Davies and Dolores Tierney), and Film: The Essential Study Guide. London and New York: Routledge (2008, with Ruth Doughty). I have been a member of the AHRC Peer Review College in the Academic category since 2010.
- Dr Graham Spencer
- Reader in Politics, Conflict and the Media
My research is concerned with the shift from conflict to ‘post-conflict’ society in Northern Ireland and the contemporary history which has given rise to this shift. I have published extensively on Northern Ireland but I also work with key groups and figures there on areas of social and political development, particularly in relation to addressing the legacy of conflict. I have advised British and Irish Governments on these areas and I continue to play an active mediation role in bringing oppositional groups together to discuss current tensions and possible ways ahead. My efforts have been recognised by being given honorary positions as Distinguished Senior Research Fellow at the Edward M. Kennedy Institute for Conflict Intervention, Maynooth and Honorary Senior Research Fellow at the Department of Politics, Liverpool.
My forthcoming publications on the British role in the Northern Ireland peace process and Republican transformation are endorsed by former Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern and Tony Blair's chief of staff, Jonathan Powell respectively, indicating how respect for my work exists at the highest levels amongst those involved in the politics of the peace process. My research is an extension not only of talking with key players but suggesting ways ahead and facilitating constructive dialogue across areas of difference. I see this work as being very much rooted in the practical concerns of conflict transformation and my role is recognised as important by key protagonists in Northern Ireland and Ireland because of this.
- Dr James H. Thomas
- Reader in Local and Maritime History
As a Reader in Local and Maritime History since 2006, I have seven books to my credit. Three relate to eighteenth-century Portsmouth and I have contributed chapters to four others. My research relates to four areas – the East India Company’s eighteenth-century maritime and provincial impact; Hampshire’s relationship with the sea; developments in Australia 1788-1810 and Indian Ocean piracy 1650-1800. Bodies which have supported my research include the British Academy, the Nuffield Foundation and the Royal Society. I am a member of the University’s Port Towns and Urban Culture Research Group and I am currently establishing an Eighteenth-century Shipwrecks Research Group with colleagues from the Universities of Exeter and Hull. I have almost completed A Raft of Wrecks, the final volume in my East India Company trilogy. The first two volumes have been well received. I have had numerous articles published in peer-reviewed journals. A number of these articles have been published in Australia, Canada and the U.S.A. I have supervised nine higher degrees to successful completion on topics as varied as community history, mental health, transport, military and naval history. Professional academics have much to offer learned bodies at national, regional and local levels. To that end, I have served on the Councils of the Navy Records Society, the British Association for Local History, the Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society and the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. I have twice been Chairman of the Historical Association’s Portsmouth branch and serve on two editorial boards. I am a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, of the Society of Antiquaries and of the Historical Association.
Business and Economics
- Dr Valerie Anderson
- Reader in Human Resource Development
My academic career was preceded by practitioner experience as a Human Resource Development and Management Consultant. I am a co-leader of the Portsmouth Business School Business Education Research Group (BERG) and Director of the Portsmouth Doctorate in Business Administration programme.
I am a committed researcher-practitioner and in my work I aim to encourage a closer relationship between research and practice. For me the best research and the best professional practice occur when both aspects are brought together to challenge received wisdom or common sense, to develop understanding of the issues. My current research interests are focused in three areas: Academic career development and issues of academic identity; international HRD, and the evaluation, assessment and measurement of training and education. I publish in scholarly and practitioner journals and I am an author of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD ) recommended text: Research Methods in HRM.
I undertake a range of teaching activities in relation to HRD issues and in research methods and carry out extensive work with research degree students, both in Portsmouth Business School and with the University Graduate School.
I am chair of the Research Activities Committee of the University Forum for Human Resource Development (UFHRD); a member of the Academy of Human Resource Development (AHRD); a member of the Editorial Boards for the European Journal of Training and Development and Human Resource Development International and Associate Editor of Human Resource Development Quarterly.
Watch a video about my research.
- Dr Pierre Failler
- Reader in Economics
I am a Reader in Economics, who has been with the Economics and Finance Department of the University of Portsmouth since 1997. I have coordinated about 25 research projects in Europe, Africa, the Caribbean and Asia.
I am also an evaluator and reviewer of international projects on Marine resources management, Fishery Development (DG-Development, FAO, UNEP, World Bank, etc., onwards), Marine resources and environment Research (EU-DG Research, West African Regional Marine and Coastal Conservation Program, onward) and Fishing agreements (European Parliament, IUCN, Dfid, onward).
I am the author or co-author of about 350 journal articles, book chapters, research reports, consultancy reports, media reports, conference and workshop papers, conference proceedings, etc. (see recent publication list below) and the organiser of a series of conferences on fisheries, trade, non-trade barriers, IUU, fishing agreements and new international measures in Africa, Europe and Caribbean Countries.
Watch a video about my research.
- Dr Tony Hines
- Reader in Accounting
Before becoming an academic I trained to be a chartered accountant with one of the biggest global firms, Coopers & Lybrand in Bristol. Following qualification I wanted to view business from a different perspective so I joined a medium sized property development company as a group accountant. After being appointed as a senior lecturer I began to view accounting from a theoretical perspective, gradually became research active and have presented papers at numerous research conferences both in the UK and overseas.
My main research interests are in the broad area of the regulation of financial reporting and auditing. My most recent project conducts a wide ranging investigation into the impact of recent changes to the UK regulatory regime on preparers and auditors of listed companies. In particular the role of the audit committee and audit committee chair (given enhanced responsibilities under revised regulatory arrangements) in auditor/company interactions on financial reporting and auditing are reviewed. Another project investigated the role of the Financial Reporting Review Panel, the body responsible for enforcing UK accounting standards. Both projects attracted funding from the ICAEW’s Charitable Trustees.
I try to remain engaged with the accountancy profession. For example in 2010 I sat on the ICAS Working Group for Non-Audit Services. My research has often involved interviews with senior representatives of the profession and this has helped me keep abreast of current developments and concerns.
- Dr Renatas Kizys
- Reader in Finance
I hold a BA and MA in Economics (Vilnius University, Lithuania) and a Ph.D in Economics (University of Alicante, Spain). I also graduated from the Advanced Studies Program in International Economic Policy Research at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Germany. Prior to joining the University of Portsmouth, I spent 3.5 years working as an Assistant Professor at the Technological Institute of Monterrey (Mexico). Earlier, I was a P.K. Woolley Research Fellow in the Department of Economics and Related Studies at the University of York. I also have experience as a distance-learning consultant at the Open University of Catalonia (Barcelona, Spain).
My research expertise is in finance and macroeconomics, with a particular emphasis on asset pricing, banking, financial markets and the economy, international financial integration and contagion, macroeconomics of speculative bubbles, and portfolio optimisation. My research outputs in these areas have been published in high-quality academic journals, and have been used for research-informed teaching in Financial Econometrics, Financial Economics, International Banking and International Finance.
I have undertaken the responsibility of Departmental Research Degrees Coordinator for the Subject Group of Economics of Finance. I have also undertaken a leadership role for the PBS Finance Research Group.
Watch a video about my research.
- Dr Judith Rich
- Reader in Economics
I am currently a Reader in Economics and the Faculty Research Degree Coordinator. My research interests are experimental economics, particularly field and natural experiments; discrimination in markets; efficiency wage theory and occupational sex segregation. I have published in all these areas. Recent publications have been in Handbook of Post-Keynesian Economics 2013; Encyclopedia of Race and Racism, 2nd edition 2012; Making Equality Count: Irish and international research measuring equality and discrimination 2010; Annals of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 99/100, July/ December 2010; Labour 2008; Asian Economic Journal 2008. The experimental technique I use in research on investigating for discrimination in markets was first developed in England in the 1960s to measure racial discrimination. It has since been applied widely in that area and extended to investigate discrimination on many bases in all markets. These experiments have found significant discrimination against minority groups in many countries.
My teaching covers labour economics, macroeconomics, microeconomics and research methods at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In lectures I show students how economists’ theories are used to study real world outcomes such as labor market flexibility, discrimination and poverty. I use my research on discrimination and efficiency wage theory to highlight some of these. I participate on the Graduate School events for training of supervisors and the Graduate School Development Programme for research degree students.
- Dr Stephen Williams
- Reader in Employment Relations
I received my first degree in Historical Studies at Portsmouth Polytechnic (as it then was) in 1989. During the 1990s, I undertook a PhD on the changing role of the trade unions at the University of Sunderland. This was followed by a position as a research fellow at the Open University, where I carried out research on the development of vocational qualifications policy. I returned to Portsmouth as a lecturer in 1999, the same year I published my first book – Government, Markets and Vocational Qualifications: an Anatomy of Policy. Since then I have co-authored a number of other books, one of the most recent being Globalization and Work, which was published in 2013. My sole-authored textbook – Introducing Employment Relations: a Critical Approach – is now in its third (2014) edition with Oxford University Press, and is widely used in the UK and elsewhere. I have published articles about various aspects of work and employment relations in a number of leading academic journals including: the British Journal of Industrial Relations; Human Relations; New Technology, Work and Employment; the Industrial Relations Journal; the Human Resource Management Journal; and Work, Employment and Society. My current research interests include: the worker representation activities of civil society organisations; the role of civil regulation in employment relations; global labour conflict; and the work and employment relations policies of the UK's coalition government.
- Caroline Strevens
- Reader in Legal Education
My academic career was preceded by a career in legal practice as a Solicitor. I joined the University of Portsmouth in 2001 to establish the suite of qualifying law degrees and to expand the LLM programmes. I was appointed the first Head of Department when the School of Law was formed in 2008.
I continue to use my connections with legal practice to benefit the student experience and to ensure our curriculum remains current. My experience and achievements have resulted in my appointment as a representative for JASB and my appointment by the QAA to the panel requested to review the Law Subject benchmark statement in June 2014.
I am an active member of the Executive Committee of the Association of Law Teachers and Convenor of the Legal Education section for the Society of Legal Scholars and a member of their legal education sub committee. I was promoted to Reader in Legal Education in 2015.
My primary research area is legal education including experiential learning through simulation and through live client clinic and more recently I have been investigating how principles of positive psychology may influence wellbeing of staff and students in Higher Education.
My book Legal Education: Simulation in Theory and Practice was published in 2014 by Ashgate. My current project entitled Perceptions of Wellbeing in Law Teachers has been funded by the Legal Education Research Betwork.
Watch a video about my research.
- Peter Lee
- Reader in Politics and Ethics
I am a reader in Politics and Ethics who specialises in the ethics and politics of war and military intervention, the ethics and ethos of remotely piloted aircraft (drone) operations, and the politics and ethics of identity. I am the author of Blair’s Just War: Iraq and the Illusion of Morality (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) and went on to expand my interests in the relationship between ethics, politics, truth and subjectivity in Truth Wars: The Politics of Climate Change, Military Intervention and Financial Crisis (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).
I also have a long-standing interest in the ethics of military drone use, with a particular emphasis on the UK’s Royal Air Force Reaper operations, and have several publications in this field. My research with the RAF Reaper crew members has focused on the role of personal ethics in drone operations, which is to be the subject of my next book. As a result of my wider public engagement on the theme of ethics and drones, in June 2015 I was appointed as a member of the Department for Transport Oversight Committee for the Sciencewise public dialogue: The Use and Development of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems and Small Drones in the United Kingdom.
I am Principal Investigator – working with Tom Smith, Vladimir Rauta and Sameera Khalfey – for a 2016 DSTL-funded project entitled, ‘Understanding the Moral Component of Conflict’, which uses Syria and Islamic State as a focal point for researching competing moralities in multi-faceted contemporary conflict.
Watch a video on my research.
- Dr Philip Benson
- Reader in Rock Physics
I am a Rock Physicist with research experience in geophysics, laboratory rock deformation and seismicity, and the application of these tools to both fundamental and applied geosciences. After obtaining an M.Phys. degree in Physics & Astrophysics, I sought to strengthen my applied interests by taking an M.Sc. in Exploration Geophysics. I then worked in the offshore oil industry aboard seismic survey vessels (West Africa). Returning to academia in 2001 I worked towards a Ph.D. in Geophysics and Rock Physics, investigating anisotropy of crustal rocks at elevated pressures using a diverse suite of laboratory techniques. My current research builds on the synergy created by the new generation of rock deformation methods and laboratory acoustic emission (microseismicity) instruments. I use these tools to explore how fluids flow and interact with stressed rock in the crust of the Earth, and how these rock-fluid coupled processes yield seismicity. Output from this research ranges from small scale attenuation and reservoir studies in the applied Geosciences, to regional scale tectonics investigating the role of fluids in volcano-tectonic activity, and earthquake triggering in deep fault zones.
- Dr Hartmut Blank
- Reader in Experimental and Social Psychology
My research interests have so far clustered around memory, cognition and social psychology, including implications for forensic settings. Most of my work is in two research areas:
Hindsight: After the event (or after having learned a new fact), we’re not only wiser but also often fall prey to the illusion that this was knowable before, with subtle but important consequences for learning from experience, decision making and judging others’ decisions and actions: If I believe that I knew something all along, why would I take reality feedback on board? If I think that others should have foreseen a negative outcome, I might be more likely to blame them for it, etc. My research explores the idea that distinct aspects of hindsight involve different psychological functions. Hopefully, this will lead to a better understanding of hindsight and its implications in different areas.
Remembering (incl. social influence): Memory is for most practical purposes what you make of it – how you use memory to answer questions, or arrive at beliefs, about past events. This has both a quantitative (how much?) and a qualitative aspect (accuracy, distortion, adaptation to audiences etc.). My interest in this is both in terms of theoretical analysis and empirical demonstrations of the variability of remembering (e.g. the reversibility of eyewitness memory distortions caused by misleading post-event information) as well as the dependability of remembering on the social environment (e.g. social influence, or relying on others as memory aids).
Other research interests include psychometrics (specifically reliability) and meta-analysis.
- Marina Davila-Ross
- Reader in Comparative Psychology
My research focuses on communication and emotions in orangutans and chimpanzees, where I also compare them to humans/children. My research interests include vocal and facial expressions, the evolution of language, positive emotions and social play, mimicking and empathy, personality, learning and culture. I use field research to learn more about how great apes, our closest extant relatives, behave in their natural environment, to test predictions on the adaptive significance of hominoid traits and to reconstruct the evolution of great ape and human behaviours.
Since my PhD, I have studied positive communication in great apes. Particularly laughter and smiles, which are shared by both great apes and humans, are likely to provide us a special insight into the evolution human social communication and social cohesion. I use the data to reconstruct how these expressions of ancestral apes must have changed in form and function over the past 13 million years to become these pervasive tools of human behaviours. Another main research project of mine is to carry out studies that help to improve animal conservation management. An aim, here, is to try to improve our understanding of the individual- group-specific behaviours and abilities of rehabilitant animals in order to better support their needs when released back into the forest. For more information about the field research in Malaysia and Zambia, please see: http://www.port.ac.uk/department-of-psychology/facilities/animal-field-research/
- Dr Christopher Dewdney
- Reader in Theoretical Physics
My research interests are in the foundations of quantum theory and the de Broglie-Bohm theory in particular. I completed a BSc in Physics and Philosophy at the University of Warwick and undertook postgraduate study in History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. I then chose to undertake research for a PhD in David Bohm’s group at Birkbeck College London where I carried out the first detailed numerical calculations demonstrating clearly how Bohm’s interpretation could explain all of the so-called quantum paradoxes in terms of a clear and well-defined physical model based upon particle trajectories. This work stimulated the subsequent revival of interest in the foundational work of Bohm and de Broglie in quantum theory. I was awarded a Royal Society European Fellowship that enabled my collaboration with Jean-Pierre Vigier at the Institut Henri Poincaré in Paris. Thereafter I moved to the Physics Department at the University of Portsmouth where my research has mainly focussed around extending the de Broglie-Bohm theory to the relativistic regime. We aim to resolve the apparent conflict between quantum non-locality and relativistic invariance. We have recently developed a relativistically invariant model for correlated bosons and shown how Bohm’s approach to quantum field theory be made relativistically invariant.
I am also a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and Programme Manager for Physics at the University of Portsmouth. When not engaged in teaching and research I enjoy dinghy and yacht sailing in the Solent and beyond. I am married and have four children.
- Dr Gary Fones
- Reader in Aquatic Biogeochemistry
I am a Reader in Aquatic Biogeochemistry in the School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, with over 20 years of research experience and have 35+ peer-reviewed papers and 4 book chapters. My first degree was in Ocean Science at the University of Plymouth followed by a MSc. in Oceanography at the University of Southampton. My research took me north to Lancashire where I did a PhD at the University of Central Lancashire. I then spent nearly 6 years as a researcher at Lancaster University working on the in situ passive sampler techniques of DGT and DET. From there I moved to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in 2001 and then in 2003 I moved to the University of Southampton - National Oceanographic Centre as a Teaching Fellow before joining Portsmouth in January 2006 as a senior Lecturer. My current main research focus is on macronutrient sediment water interactions (including sediment resuspension), nutrient fluxes and transformations and benthic-pelagic coupling, along with developing new techniques for environmental monitoring (passive samplers [DGT/DET & ChemCatcher]). I currently supervise NERC funded PDRAs and PhD students. I am a core member of the NERC Peer Review College. I enjoy fieldwork and working at sea and have been involved in numerous research cruises around the world including the North Sea, North Atlantic, Sub-Arctic North Pacific, Southern Ocean, Ascension Island and Island of Montserrat regions and also the Celtic Sea in 2014 as part of the NERC funded Shelf-Sea Biogeochemistry Programme.
- Mike Fowler
- Reader in Geochemistry
I am a geochemist with some 25 years of research and teaching experience. I studied geology and mineral chemistry at the Universities of Bristol and Birmingham, and completed my PhD and an 1851 Research Fellowship at Imperial College. I then worked for the British Geological Survey in its regional geochemistry group and at the NERC Isotope Geology Centre, before teaching geochemistry to geologists at Oxford Brookes for 13 years. From Oxford I moved briefly to the University of Gloucestershire, but have been very happy at Portsmouth since 2006. I have taught most flavours of geochemistry in that time, from Earth evolution through petrological applications, simple organic geochemistry, environmental and forensic geochemistry, ore genesis and exploration geochemistry, biogeochemical cycles, to both stable and radiogenic isotope geochemistry.
I have particular expertise in elemental and stable isotope analysis of silicate rocks and minerals, but also waters, soils, dusts, and other environmental matrices. My main research interests have been in the evolution of continents and the mantle input to granites (recently funded by NERC) and the environmental geochemistry of metals - most recently chemical methods for source attribution of industrial fugitive dusts: “dusty forensics”. Consultancy and knowledge transfer applications of the latter have been particularly productive at Portsmouth.
- Dr Jim House
- Reader in Environmental Physiology
Educated at the Universities of Glasgow and Portsmouth, I joined the University of Portsmouth in May 2008 after an 18 year research career at the Royal Navy's Institute of Naval Medicine investigating aspects of operational performance and survival in extreme environments, particularly in relation to operations in hot climates. A consultant advisor to UK Sport, the British Olympic Association and the British Paralympic Association, I was involved in most Olympic and Paralympics Sports’ preparations for the Beijing Olympics and Paralympics between 2004 and 2008. I am currently working on a series of contracted research programmes primarily in thermal and occupational physiology.
I am the unit coordinator for the MSc Research Project for all the Masters Programmes and for the MSc Environmental Factors Affecting Sports Performance Unit. I also supervise various undergraduate research projects, individual MSc, MPhil and PhD students and teach on various modules related to thermal and occupational physiology, research ethics and research design. I chair the Departmental Scientific and Ethical Review Committee and am Vice-Chair of the Science Faculty Ethics Committee.
My contracted research is in two main strands, occupational physiology and survival and thermal physiology, primarily with the Ministry of Defence. With the assistance of undergraduate and taught postgraduate students, I also conduct research into novel methods of cooling humans, particularly in relation to military personnel and those wearing protective clothing.
- Dr Rob Inkpen
- Reader in Physical Geography
As Reader in Physical Geography my research covers a wide range of interests from the analysis of the impact of microbes on rock decay to the study of risk perceptions of environmental hazards. My two primary research areas are rock decay and the philosophy of physical geography. I have focused my research on the development of novel techniques for understanding, monitoring and analysing changes in the types and rates of decay of rocks. As well as experimental and fieldwork on rock decay and conservation I have also been involved in a long-term monitoring project at St Paul’s Cathedral, London. My research has helped in understanding the mechanisms and controls on rock decay and has been very useful in the analysis and conservation of heritage stone. This research is also important for understanding the likely impact of environmental change on the decay of heritage materials and buildings. My research into the philosophy of physical geography has developed from a long-standing interest in the history of physical geography and the complex, often convoluted, relationship between theory and practice. Understanding the philosophy behind the science is vital for uncovering and dealing with uncertainties in data, methodology and interpretation. I have recently taken on the role of Academic Lead for Hazards, Engineering and Risk in the Environment (HERE) within the Faculty of Science. This role has helped me to explore the potential of effectively combining research in the physical and social sciences for solving real problems of hazard management.
- Dr Darren Van Laar
- Reader in Applied Psychology
My interest in the Applied Psychology research area came about through my degrees in Psychology and Computer Science and the synthesis of these in my PhD work in the field of Ergonomics. I am a passionate advocate of how psychological and engineering principles can be used to construct models of human behaviour to improve the jobs and working conditions of employees.
An analysis of the type of complex displays used in Nuclear power, Railway and Ship-based control rooms led to a series of papers synthesising work on maps, visual perception and colour science to produce an easily applicable ‘psychocartographic’ method to design such displays. Related work looking at how best to identify areas or symbols in complex displays ‘Which one? The duck-egg blue one!’ led to a model that reliably predicts how people will assign names to colours.
More recent work modelling the quality of working life of employees has been used to predict organisational stress and wellbeing. The WRQoL® psychometric scale developed for this project has been translated many times and used in over 50 countries. The data derived from this work has been used to evaluate the stress experienced by over 1 million UK employees.
My main teaching duties are in the area of research methods and I have taught units on survey methods, SPSS, and statistics for undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD level courses.
For 60% of my time I am Director of the University’s Graduate School and also the UK Chair of the Network of Graduate School Deans and Directors.
- Dr Beatriz López
- Reader in Developmental Psychology
My main research interests fall within the area of cognitive development, with a particular focus on Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Within ASD I have studied a wide range of cognitive abilities such as visual and face perception, executive functioning and social cognition. In recent years, I have developed an interest in how socio-cultural factors affect cognitive development in ASD and how cognitive models of autism can be applied to enhancing employment opportunities of people with ASD.
I am the founder of the Autism Research Network, a network aimed at bringing together academics, practitioners and people with autism and their families. For more information on research and community projects undertaken by the Autism Research Network please visit: http://www.port.ac.uk/autismresearchnetwork/
I am also the director of the Autism Centre for Research on Employment, which aims to apply theoretical models of autism to the development of tools to enhance the employment of people with ASD. We work in close collaboration with local authorities and charities as well as national organisations such as the Department of Health and Research Autism.
- Dr David Loydell
- Reader in Stratigraphy
I research into various aspects of the Silurian world (c. 416-443 million years ago) and have published more than 100 papers, mostly palaeontological, but also on sea-level change and the conditions required for the burial of organic carbon. I have particular interest in graptolites (an extinct group of zooplankton) which evolved remarkably rapidly and thus are extremely useful for dating both major events in Earth history and economically important hydrocarbon source rocks. Much of my work now involves integrating fossil and geochemical data (especially carbon isotope data). I joined the University of Portsmouth in 1996 having previously been at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. I am Britain’s representative on the International Subcommission on Silurian Stratigraphy and am currently Vice-President of the Palaeontographical Society.
- Dr David M. Martill
- Reader in Palaeobiology
I am a palaeontologist, primarily investigating the history of life on Earth. I specialise in vertebrate palaeontology with interests centred on Mesozoic archosaurs, but frankly, anything fossil is of interest to me. I manage a small team of like-minded PhD students and research fellows who work on such diverse topics as taphonomy, pterodactyle flight, fish anatomy, the preservation of insects and extinct birds.
- Dr Claire Nee
- Reader in Forensic Psychology
I joined the Department of Psychology in 1996 from the Home Office Research and Statistics Directorate. I have been the Director of the International Centre for Research in Forensic Psychology since its inception in 1997, which encompasses my own work and that of numerous academics and research students within the Department and internationally. It brings together considerable expertise in detecting deception, child witnesses, investigative interviewing, offender cognition and behaviour, eye-witness memory; the prevention of criminality in children and false memory syndrome. My own research interests include: offender behaviour and decision-making leading up to, during and after the crime; the prevention of criminality in children; and the reintegration of offenders. My current work is focussed on analysing offender cognition and emotion in simulated criminogenic settings. I have published widely and held research grants from the ESRC, the Home Office, Portsmouth City Council and Prison Service HQ.
- Dr James Ost
- Reader in Applied Cognitive Psychology
My career has focused on the application of memory science to the forensic context. I have published over 30 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters on the topic of remembering, mainly focussing on false memory and spontaneous memory errors. I have published work using a number of different laboratory-based methods to investigate ‘false’ memories of word lists, to more real-life material including terrorist attacks and childhood events (including non-believed memories that are subsequently later retracted). I have published theoretical and empirical research on the social nature of remembering and the way in which the immediate social context (e.g., unsupportive interviewers, mistaken confederates, coercive therapy) can sometimes distort the memories of child and adult witnesses. My current work focuses on non-recent (or ‘historic’) allegations of abuse and the metacognition of memory and memory errors. I have written expert witness reports in cases involving non-recent allegations of abuse, and have served as an expert witness at Crown Court.
I am a Chartered member, and an Associate Fellow, of the British Psychological Society (BPS), a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, a member of the Association for Psychological Science (APS) and I serve on the Scientific and Professional Advisory Board of the British False Memory Society (a registered charity providing information to professionals and the public in contested abuse cases).
- Dr Nicholas Pepin
- Reader in Climate Science
I was appointed as a lecturer in climatology/meteorology in 1994. I lead the Environmental Processes and Change Research Group in Geography which covers broad aspects of climate science, including paleo-environmental reconstruction, cryospheric science, hazards and risk.
I have been a visiting scientist at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, Colorado, and at NOAA’s Air Resources Laboratory in Silver Spring, Maryland. My research concerns the response of mountain regions (including the cryosphere) to climate change. My work has examined spatial patterns in high-elevation climate change through comparison of temperature trends from various global observations (surface stations, radiosondes and reanalyses). Contribution to the debate as to whether mountains are more sensitive than lowland environments to climate change effects (e.g. melting glaciers, changing ecology) is important.
Field measurements are being made in environments from the tropics to the Arctic. Over the last ten years I have been monitoring the changing climate on Kilimanjaro in Africa, and in particular the interactions between regional climate, deforestation, changing land-use and the disappearance of the summit ice fields.
- David Poller
- Honorary Reader in Pathology
I am a Consultant Cellular Pathologist at The Queen Alexandra Hospital in Portsmouth. My research and clinical interests are in the pathology of cancer with a particular emphasis on molecular diagnosis of thyroid cancer, Barrett’s oesophagus and in developing new methods for pathological diagnosis. I am active both nationally and internationally with a significant number of peer reviewed publications.
- Dr Craig Storey
- Reader in Geology
I am a geologist who has many interests from the evolution of subduction driven plate tectonics, the growth of continents and the genesis of ores to the palaeo-configuration of Greenland’s ice sheet during the mid Pliocene warm period. The common thread is my analytical approach, which is based on the use of minerals, particularly heavy minerals such as zircon, rutile, apatite and titanite, to provide novel insight into these problems. I use in-situ geochemical and isotopic measurements to provide these data, which range from dating the minerals using U-Th-Pb isotopes, sourcing using radiogenic isotope systems such as Lu-Hf, Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr and trace elements to providing information on atmospheric and hydrospheric interaction using stable isotopes such as O. I have my own lab and research group at Portsmouth (Crustal Evolution Research Group) with two laser ablation systems, a quadrupole ICP-MS and an MC-ICP-MS. I am also Research Lead for the School of Earth and Environmental Sciences.
My external duties include being a member of the NERC Peer Review College, an Associate Editor for Mineralogical Magazine and previously I have been the Vice President of the Mineralogical Society and Honorary Secretary of the Metamorphic Studies Group.
- Jerome Swinny
- Reader in Neuropharmacology
I am a Reader in Neuropharmacology in the School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences. My first degree was in Pharmacy from the University of Kwazulu Natal, South Africa. After several years in Community and Hospital Pharmacy, including an MSc in Pharmacology, I enrolled for a PhD in Neurobiology at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. I then undertook postdoctoral research at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, USA, focussing on the mechanisms through which emotional stress alters the structure and function of specific brain cells. I then spent a further period of research at the MRC Neuroanatomical Pharmacology Unit, University of Oxford, during which time I investigated the expression and function of specific proteins essential for memory and cognition. In 2009, I joined the University of Portsmouth as a Senior Lecturer and established The Neurochemical Anatomy & Psychopharmacology Group. The broad focus of my current research is on mechanisms through which different proteins, cells and regions within our nervous system contribute to health and disease. I have a special interest in how psychological stress, and its associated disorders, including mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression, impacts on the functioning of our nervous system, particularly within the brain, but also within the nervous system which regulates peripheral systems, such as the gastrointestinal tract. A relatively new programme of research in my lab is focussed on understanding the biology which underlies changes in emotionality as a result of dementing illnesses, such Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, coupled with the associated changes in gastrointestinal function.
- Dr Alan Thorne
- Reader in Biochemistry
I graduated with a BSc in Biomolecular Science at Portsmouth in 1976 continuing in Prof Crane-Robinson's laboratory for PhD studies in modifications of chromatin structure. I worked briefly in Prof Morton Bradbury's lab (Davis, California), returning to Portsmouth for a series of postdoctoral posts. I was appointed senior lecturer in 1991 and reader in 2005 and continue my research in my role as Associate Dean (Research) in the Science Faculty.
My research focus has been in chromatin and epigenetics, employing biochemical and biophysical approaches to determine the roles of modified histones and histone variants. Studies have included characterising the utilisation of acetylation sites in the core histones, determining the attachment site of ubiquitin in uH2B and mapping a variety of histone modifications and histone variants at the well-characterised lysozyme and globin loci in chicken tissues using Chromatin ImmunoPrecipitation (ChIP) experiments. The latter experiments allowed determination of ‘where’ these modifications are located in the genome and 'when' they appear in development and contributed significantly to establishing their roles in gene activation and repression. More recently my focus has moved to investigating mechanisms through which particular histones modifications, or combinations thereof, act in gene regulation processes. Reconstituted nucleosomes carrying histones with defined mofification states are used as ‘bait’ in pull-down experiments. Addition of stable heavy isotope labelled (SILAC) or control nuclear protein extracts allows identification of effector proteins that bind by tryptic-MS. Other research interests include improving detection of breast and colon cancer metastases by identifying diagnostic and prognostic indicators.
- Dr John Tsibouklis
- Reader in Polymer Science
I am a Reader in Polymer Science at the School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences. My research activities are concerned with the design, synthesis and biomedical applications of materials, drugs and drug delivery systems, and the science that underpins these technologies. Research ranges from the development of therapeutic agents for targeting cancer tumours to the design of low-surface-energy materials for biocompatible devices. Current and future applications include the development of: biomaterials with inherent resistance to bacterial colonisation; bioadhesive materials for therapeutic use in the eye, mouth, stomach, nose and vagina; polymeric vehicles for targeted drug delivery to the colon; and, boron-containing materials for neutron-capture therapy. I am a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, past RSC Honorary Representative (Mid-Southern Counties), member of Faraday Division of the Royal Society of Chemistry, member of the Analytical Division of the Royal Society of Chemistry, and member of the Macro Group UK. My work has been supported by a number of commercial organisations, by the UK research councils and by the European Commission. Industrial collaborations have, amongst others, included groups from Reckitt Benckiser, BF Goodrich, Novartis, Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, Dow Corning and SC Johnson. I have supervised 25 PhD students and several research fellows and have contributed to well over one hundred research publications. I am named inventor in several patents that are held by industry.
- Dr Bridget Waller
- Reader in Evolutionary Psychology
My work is largely focused on the evolution of social communication, and examining nonverbal communication from a biological, functional perspective. I am particularly interested in human and non-human facial expression, and use species-specific modifications of FACS (Facial Action Coding Systems) to make anatomically based, systematic comparisons between species. My work has been funded by the Leakey Foundation, the Waltham Foundation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, the Nuffield Foundation and the European Commission. I am the Director of the Centre for Comparative and Evolutionary Psychology, and we have developed collaborative facilities for comparative cognition research with macaques at Marwell Zoo and the Owl and Monkey Haven (Isle of Wight).
I studied Zoology as an undergraduate at Royal Holloway University of London, and went on to complete a Masters in Evolutionary Psychology at the University of Liverpool. Before completing a PhD on the Leverhulme Trust funded Chimpanzee Facial Action Coding Scheme project (University of Portsmouth) I was a Research Assistant in Cognitive Psychology at Glasgow Caledonian University.
- Joy Watts
- Reader in Environmental Microbiology
I am an Environmental Microbiologist with 20 years of experience in this research field and over 30 peer-reviewed publications. My PhD studies (1995-1998) with Prof. Wellington at the University of Warwick developed my interests into the many positive roles of microbes in the soil environment. During my postdoctoral training with Prof. Kevin Sowers at the Center of Marine Biotechnology, I was able to develop my skills in anaerobic microbiology and apply my understanding of microbial ecology to anaerobic PCB dechlorination in sediments. The major focus of my research group is the application of molecular tools to better understand microbial interactions and communities in the environment. Areas of specialisation include the microbiome of a wood eating fish and other xylophagous organisms, antimicrobial resistance gene prevalence and transfer in sediments and bacterial and fungal interactions with plants.
- Dr Clare Wilson
- Reader in Applied Psychology
I am a Reader in Applied Psychology and am currently the Director of the Quality of Life, Health and Wellbeing Research Group within the Department of Psychology. I completed my Bachelor of Science (Hons), Masters in Clinical Psychology and Doctorate of Philosophy in Psychology at the University of Otago, New Zealand. However, I have travelled widely since, working as an academic in the UK and Australia for the last 20 plus years. Although I originally worked as a Clinical Psychologist, I spent 15 years as a Forensic Psychologist (I was a Chartered Forensic Psychologist in the UK) which included training police and social workers in the evidential interviewing of children in both the UK and Australia. However, more recently, I have returned to clinical psychological research with a focus on positive psychology. My main current interests are in the self-management of mental health. This includes exploring techniques which may be effective in aiding the self-management of mental health (for example, mindfulness, compassion, self-distancing, recalling positive memories, and altering time perception) as well as methods for delivering self-management techniques (for example, self-help books and mobile phone apps).
Technology and Maths
- Dr David Bacon
- Reader in Cosmology
I am a cosmologist, working at the interface between the latest observations of the Universe and more theoretical efforts to understand the cosmos. The Universe seems to be full of two poorly understood essences, dark matter and dark energy. My research aims to study these, in order to find out more about their physical nature and properties. For instance, dark matter clumps together to cause pockets of gravity; light from distant galaxies gets bent by this gravity, and can then be used to detect the presence of dark matter. With this technique, I lead the work to make maps of vast regions of gravity and dark matter in the Universe using the Dark Energy Survey. I am also developing techniques to probe the history of the material in the Universe using radio telescopes, including the enormous Square Kilometre Array which will be built throughout the coming decade.
I joined the University of Portsmouth in 2007 as an RCUK Academic Fellow and STFC Advanced Fellow. I became a Senior Lecturer in 2012 and a Reader in 2014.
- Dr Murad Banaji
- Reader in Mathematics
After completing my PhD in mathematics at Queen Mary, University of London in 2001, I held postdoctoral positions at UCL and the University of Essex, before joining Portsmouth in 2010. My main research is in the qualitative theory of dynamical systems: applying combinatorial, analytical and algebraic techniques to make claims about the allowed dynamics of dynamical systems based primarily on their structure. These techniques find natural application in biology, where we often have broad knowledge of how the ingredients of a system "fit together" but limited quantitative information: it may nevertheless be possible to make strong claims about the system. I am particularly interested in finding deep theorems in biology and chemistry - results which apply to wide classes of models, and where the mathematics reveals something genuinely new and surprising about the underlying biology and chemistry. This search for mathematical laws underlying the functioning of biological systems has inspired several nontrivial open questions in pure mathematics, and pursuing these tangents has led to some of my most interesting results. I have published extensively in pure and applied journals, and my work has been supported by EPSRC, the LMS, and other funding bodies.
- Dr Marco Bruni
- Reader in Cosmology and Gravitation
My research interests focus on the modelling of the late universe and applications of Einstein general relativity theory (GR) in cosmology and astrophysics. The universe is observed to expand at an accelerated rate, with clusters of thousands of galaxies and giant voids arranged in a cosmic web that started to form and evolved since soon after the “big bang”. I am interested in understanding this process of “structure formation” in a way consistent with GR. The simplest explanation for the observed accelerated expansion is a constant form of "dark energy". I am interested in the alternative possibility that dark energy could be evolving, possibly interacting with dark matter, responsible for structure formation. I made pioneering work on approximate solutions of Einstein equations and considered applications in cosmology as well as to neutron stars.
I studied physics at the University of Rome “La Sapienza” graduating in 1987. I then moved to SISSA (Trieste, Italy), where I obtained my PhD in 1991. After postdocs in QMUL (London), ICTP and SISSA (Trieste), and Cardiff, in 1999 I joined the University of Portsmouth as senior lecturer. In 2002 I became a member of the newly formed Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation. In 2005 I was awarded a two year visiting professorship by the Italian government, which I spent at the University of Rome “Tor Vergata”. In 2006 I was promoted to reader. I have lectured to undergraduates and postgraduate students in the UK, Italy, Greece and India. I have published over 50 scientific papers in international journals and given talks in four continents. I am a keen photographer/traveller/mountaineer.
- Dr Jiye Chen
- Reader in Structural Composites
I obtained my PhD in the area of computational mechanics of composite structures from the University of Birmingham in 1997. I have built up plenty of research experience in fibre composite structures through three UK universities, including Imperial College London, Universities of Southampton and Bristol from 1997 to 2006. In 2007 and 2015, I became a Senior Lecturer and a Reader, respectively, at the University of Portsmouth.
I have led two research projects funded by BAE Systems. By collaboration with regional composites related industries I have been awarded two KTP grants. In total I have been awarded £413K external research funding. So far I have published over 50 internationally refereed journals, conference papers and book chapters. I am the leader of research group of Materials, Structures and Geotechnics. My research focuses on three areas: prediction of multi-crack failure mechanism of structural composites by the extended cohesive damage model; detection of multiscale damage in engineering materials and structures using the extended digital image correlation method; and bio- mimicked structural composites through 3D printing technology. I am a member of the European Mechanics Society, the research centre of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory and the National Network Group for Composites in Construction. I am also an active member of the review boards of six leading international journals.
- Dr Alexander Gegov
- Reader in Computational Intelligence
I am currently a Reader in Computational Intelligence in the School of Computing and I have previously been Associate Dean of Research for the Faculty of Technology. I have a PhD in Control Systems and a DSc in Intelligent Systems – both from the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and I have been a recipient of a national award for best young researcher from the Bulgarian Union of Scientists. The Universities of Duisburg and Wuppertal in Germany have had me as Humboldt Guest Researcher while I have been an EU Visiting Researcher at the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands.
My research interests are in the development of computational intelligence methods and their application for modelling and simulation of complex systems and networks. I have authored four research monographs and more than ten book chapters published by Springer. I have also published research papers in a wide range of peer-reviewed journals and conferences including IEEE journals and conferences. I have presented lectures and tutorials at IEEE and EPSRC International Conferences and Summer Schools on Fuzzy Systems, Intelligent Systems, Computational Intelligence, Cybernetics and Complexity Science.
Actively involved in PhD supervision and examination, I have also been Co-investigator on research projects funded by EPSRC, CST and SEEDA. I have been an Associate Editor for the IEEE Journal Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, the Elsevier Journal of Fuzzy Sets and Systems, the IOS Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems and the Atlantis Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems. I have also been a Reviewer for several journals including IEEE journals and Assessor for three national research councils including EPSRC. I have served as a Technical Committee Member for the IEEE Society of Systems, Man and Cybernetics.
- Dr Ivan Jordanov
- Reader in Computational Intelligence
My research interest is in the field of Computational Intelligence – Machine Learning, Neural Networks and Evolutionary Heuristics for optimization and their applications in pattern recognition, identification and classification problems. Currently I am the leader of the Computational Intelligence research group of my School. I have edited and co-authored several textbooks and chapters in books, and published more than 80 papers in refereed journals and conference proceedings. I am an associate editor of three scientific journals and my research activities include Royal Society, NATO Science and British Council fellowships, and I have been a principal and co-investigator of many research projects funded by EPSRC, COST (EU East-West Science Mobility Scheme), EU-TEMPUS, UNIDO research programme, NATO Science and Cooperation research programme, EPSRC KTN Industrial Mathematics with BP, sKTP project with Airbus and others.
- Dr Wendy Powell
- Reader in Virtual Reality
I originally trained as a Chiropractor and was in private practice for a number of years before returning to education to study for a degree in Computing and Information Technology. This was followed by a PhD in Creative Technologies, studying walking behaviour in virtual reality. My research covers the broad area of virtual reality and interactive technologies for health, well-being and education, with a particular focus on the impact of hardware and software on user behaviour and perception. I supervise PhD and MSc students in this area, as well as teaching Virtual Reality to undergraduate students.
My work has been supported by various funding bodies, including Innovate UK, Department for Education and The British Council. I work with a range of international partners across disciplines, including military rehabilitation, child protection, service design and education. I have published a number of articles and book chapters, and given lectures and presentations to audiences in Europe and the US. I am a member of the AHRC peer-review college as well as reviewing for several international journals. I am also a member of the International Society for Virtual Rehabilitation, and the British Computer Society, as well as being a Senior Member of the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers). I also represent the IEEE as a technical expert in VR, engaging regularly with the media on topics relating to virtual and augmented reality.
- Dr David Sanders
- Reader in Systems and Knowledge Engineering
- Research Coordinator, School of Engineering, Faculty of Technology
I am the Engineering Research Coordinator at the University and a Director of Key Industrial Software Solutions and of PCR. I am a Colonel in the Army Reserve and a Lieutenant in the Army Cadet Force. I am a Visiting Professor at Moscow State University of Technology and de-La Salle University and a Fellow of the Institutions of Engineering and Technology, Mechanical Engineers and Higher Education Academy. I am a Trustee for Fareham Lions, the TA Rifle Association, and the Hampshire Trust and Sussex Trusts and I serve as the Vice Chair of the Portsmouth Academic Staff Association. I am the editor for the Journal of computing in systems and engineering and for Intelligent Mobility and I am a member of the editorial board for Sensor Review and Assembly Automation. I am the Youth Officer for Fareham Rotary Club and President of Fareham Lions Club. I am a member of the Advanced Research and Assessment Group and Cognitive Systems Forum and I run the Portsmouth University Mobility Group.
I established the Systems Engineering Research Group in 1991. The research group works in three overlapping areas: Automation & Robotics; Computing & Electronics; and Environmental Systems. The Systems Engineering Research Group has extensive experience in energy and efficiency, sustainable development, environmental engineering, sensors, manufacturing, modelling, heat- recovery and sensor networks; most funded by industry, NATO, Research Councils, European Union and British Council. Specifically the group seeks to create a centre of excellence in inter-disciplinary Systems Engineering and Ambient Intelligence & Cognitive Systems Engineering.
Outside the University, I mainly work for charities or on a voluntary basis but I also run a small property business. Interests, hobbies and sports include: Family Life, Lions, Rotary, Skiing, Walking, Gym, Reserve Service, Badminton, NLP, Military Shooting, Swimming and Writing.
- Dr John B. Williams
- Reader in Environmental Technology
My research interests mainly relate to water pollution control, but I have also worked in the field of sustainability assessment of environmental technologies.
After a first degree in Resources Science at Kingston I began my PhD at Portsmouth in 1988, studying reed beds for wastewater treatment. This involved examining nitrogen cycling and pathogen removal, in the context of treatment and reuse of sewage, in reed bed systems in the UK and Egypt. I then worked on a range of international projects involving reed beds in Europe and South America as a post-doc, before becoming a lecturer in the Department of Civil Engineering in 1995.
Since then I have had two main strands to my work; one being examining novel sewage treatment technologies and removal of micro-pollutants, the other is evaluating the role of wetland plants in Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) and Constructed Wetlands. However, my project which has attracted the most public attention was a study of the accumulation mechanisms of fat deposits in sewers, perhaps due to the direct link with home kitchen practices. Most of this work has been in collaboration with industry and has generated over £800k of funding. I have also supervised 18 PhD students and published 25 journal papers. This research, by its nature, is multi-disciplinary and involves working with microbiologists, chemists and engineers on practical problems.
I am Research Coordinator for the School of Civil Engineering and Surveying and also teach on a range of Units related to water and environmental engineering.
- Hui Yu
- Reader in Visual Computing
My main research interest lies in visual computing. I am particularly interested in understanding the visual world, especially human-related issues and reconstruction through modelling and semantic interpretation. More specifically, my research topics cover image/video processing and analysis, real-time sensing, facial and human action analysis, geometric processing of human/facial performances, virtual reality and brain-computer interaction. It involves and develops knowledge and technologies in vision, computer graphics and machine learning. My research works have led to successful collaborations with worldwide research institutions, industries and NHS hospitals.
The 4D facial expression synthesis system, which I developed with colleagues, has been used by many research labs and institutions around the world. The application areas of my research are mainly in healthcare, entertainment and security. I am grateful for the support of the research councils: the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the Economic and Social Research Council, as well as the Royal Academy of Engineering, EU-FP7, the University of Portsmouth internal funding schemes and industrial partners.
I used to work at University of Glasgow before joining University of Portsmouth. My study has led to the Best PhD Thesis Prize for my PhD study, Outstanding Undergraduate Prize, EPSRC DHPA Awards and Vice Chancellor Travel Prize. I am Associated Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems journal and I chair many international research conferences.