Quantifying the marine ecosystem functions and services provided by restoration of biogenic native oyster reefs in European temperate coastal systems.
Fully funded (UK/EU/International students)
School of Biological Sciences
23 February 2020
The PhD will be based at the University's Institute of Marine Sciences, located in the heart of the Solent, and will be supervised by Dr Joanne Preston, Dr Sarah Marley, Dr Philine zu Ermgassen and Dr Gordon Watson.
This PhD is part of a larger collaboration between the University of Portsmouth, Blue Marine Foundation and the European Native Oyster Restoration Alliance and offers an exciting opportunity to work within the Solent Oyster Restoration Project (SORP) to undertake ecological research to support the aim of restoring the European flat oyster (Ostrea edulis) population on a large scale.
The bursary is available to UK and EU students only and covers tuition fees and an annual maintenance grant of £15,009 (UKRI 2019/20 rate) for three years. Bursary recipients will also receive up to £1,500 per year for research project costs, as well as office space and computing facilities.
The work on this project will involve:
- Working as part of a large restoration ecology team to restore oyster reefs to the Solent, in collaboration with Blue Marine Foundation, the UK/Ireland Native Oyster Network and the European Native Oyster Restoration Alliance (NORA).
- Utilising a range of marine ecological techniques to monitor the ecosystem services provided by a restored biogenic native oyster reef.
- Soundscape and acoustic monitoring of fish biodiversity gains from oyster restoration.
We are approaching the UN 'Decade of Ecological Restoration' 2021-2030 which recognises the urgent need for ecological restoration to mitigate biodiversity losses, impacts of climate change and to provide the ecosystem resilience and services on which society and human welfare depends. Restoration of marine habitats, particularly seagrass meadows, saltmarsh systems and shellfish reefs have been identified as key habitats controlling coastal water quality through bioremediation services; providing food security via provisioning services; offering coastal protection by reducing erosion impacts. Additionally these habitats can mitigate climate change as significant carbon sinks via primary production, sequestration and burial.
Native oysters and the reef habitats they create have disappeared throughout Europe and the UK. Globally, over 85 per cent of oyster reefs have been lost. Oysters create biogenic reefs and provide net gains in biodiversity by providing habitats for many other species. The biodiversity gain and wider ecosystem services of restored biogenic oyster reefs has been demonstrated in the USA with large scale restoration projects, however the early stage of European restoration means that we have yet to quantify and value the ecosystem services provided by restoration of O. edulis populations.
The Solent Oyster Restoration Project is one of Europe's largest restoration projects; to date, a total of 69,000 oysters have been restored in a combination of sanctuary seabed sites and a novel 'brood stock' restoration cage system. The next phase is to increase this number to 5 million oysters, and we are seeking an exceptional PhD candidate to be part of a larger team working to achieve this ambitious restoration goal.
Based at the Institute of Marine Sciences, this PhD project provides an exciting opportunity to quantify the benefits of oyster restoration, in terms of net biodiversity gain and ecosystem services provided by this once abundant habitat. This PhD will also provide the metrics to develop European relevant natural capital valuation of oyster restoration.
You'll need an upper second class honours degree from an internationally recognised university or a Master’s degree in Marine Biology, Marine Ecology or a related discipline. In exceptional cases, we may consider equivalent professional experience and/or qualifications. English language proficiency at a minimum of IELTS band 6.5 with no component score below 6.0.
We are looking for a talented student with a passion for marine conservation and ecology, with the interpersonal skills to work well as part of a dynamic and collaborative team. You should be confident and willing to conduct extensive field sampling and boat survey work. Ecological data analysis skills are not required but a willingness to develop these is essential.
How to apply
We'd encourage you to contact Dr Joanne Preston at email@example.com to discuss your interest before you apply, quoting the project code.
When you are ready to apply, you can use our online application form. Make sure you submit a personal statement, proof of your degrees and grades, details of two referees, proof of your English language proficiency and an up-to-date CV. Our 'How to Apply' page offers further guidance on the PhD application process.
If you want to be considered for this funded PhD opportunity you must quote project code BIOL4731020 when applying.