Image of Mrs Caroline Cox

Mrs Caroline Cox


I am a senior lecturer at Portsmouth Law School, The University of Portsmouth. 

I am currently part of the teaching teams for the following undergraduate units: Wildlife Crime: Threats and Responses; Equity and Trusts; The Law of Succession and The Legal Project.

I am the lead researcher in the University of Portsmouth's Ivory Project. The project, set up in November 2015, analyses the sale of illegal ivory through various routes in the U.K. and overseas. The project has also been involved in other illegal wildlife trade issues, including pangolin trafficking and rhino poaching. We work with law enforcement, charities and NGOs to analyse and advise on the threats of and responses to the illegal wildlife trade.


In November 2015, together with Nick Pamment (ICJS, University of Portsmouth) I launched The Ivory Project at the House of Commons. The aim of the project was to investigate the sale of ivory by the British antiques trade. The project lasted for 18 months and culminated in a report, The Elephant in the Sale Room.

My report was used by the British Government as part fo their  Impact Assessment into potential changes in the law regarding the sale of ivory in the U.K. On the 18th December 2018 the Ivory Act 2018 became law. We were proud to be part of the discussion and to have had an influence on the chnage in law in the U.K.

The project has developed to include collaborations with partners in the U.K. and overseas. Our current projects includes an investiagtion in to the sale of illegal wildlife trade products on line and cross-jurisdicational cooperation in the Range States.

Research Interests

The illegal wildlife trade

The Ivory Act 2018

The use of online platforms to facilitate the trade in endangered species

Human/animal conflict in the Range States

Teaching Responsibilities

Teaching responsibilities within the Portsmout Law School

Equity and Trusts

The Law of Succession

The Legal Project

Teaching responsibilities within ICJS

Wildlife Crime: Threats and Responses

Media Availability



Read our research feature on Caroline Cox’s work in law and how to close the legislative gaps that have allowed the illegal ivory trade to generate US$20 billion a year.