My research is unique because it applies a queered cultural criminological lens to the study of crime and crime control-related issues that impact the lived experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) individuals. Three areas in which I am research active are:

  • Intimate partner violence (IPV) and intimate partner homicide (IPH) in same-sex relationships and in relationships where transgender individuals are victims

  • Serial murder involving gay, bisexual and queer male victims and perpetrators

  • Queer male drug use (known as chemsex in Europe and Asia or party and play [PNP] in North America).

My research draws on a number of (mostly) qualitative methodologies, including ethnography and 'instant' ethnography, ethnographic content analysis, text- and visual-content analysis and Foucauldian discourse analysis.

As a queered cultural criminologist, I focus largely on the (sub)cultural dynamics that underpin and or shape crime, deviance and transgression that is committed or experienced by LGBTQ men and women. For this reason, I am particularly interested in the past and present marginalization and oppression of sexual minorities -- especially where a resultant stigma is felt or perceived. I also investigate the ways in which the media and other moral entrepreneurs 'represent' LGBTQ-related crime and deviance through, for example, the perpetuation of myths and stereotypes and through the framing of moral panics. I have also recently begun to explore the emergence of what I refer to as self-mediated representations -- that is, the production of personal photo or video content by LGBTQ individuals that depicts them engaged in acts of crime, deviance, transgression or resistance and which is then posted to both public and 'members-only' cyberqueer social media sites and webcam networks.

Finally, I take a critical stance towards 'War on Drug'-led criminal justice policy and outdated (and in some cases, stigmatising) HIV/AIDS public health strategies and discourses surrounding non-normative drug- and sex-related behaviors. Instead, I advocate for drug decriminalization/legalisation and non-interventionist, non-stigmatising, 'zero-discrimination' approaches by drug and sexual health service providers.


Originally from Los Angeles, California, I moved to the United Kingdom in 2012 to begin the Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate in Cultural & Global Criminology program at the University of Kent (School of Social Policy, Sociology & Social Research) and Universität Hamburg (Institut für Kriminologische Sozialforschung). This included attendance on the 'Advanced Qualitative and Legal Methods in Criminology' summer session at Utrecht Universiteit and participation in the Common Study Programme in Critical Criminology. Prior to completing my PhD, I completed a Bachelor of Arts in Criminal Justice at California State University at Fullerton (2010) and a Master of Science in Criminal Justice at California State University at Long Beach (2012). 

In my past life ('pre-criminology'), I worked in the entertainment industry for 14 years as an executive assistant at such studios as Warner Bros., Paramount and Sony, and also as a talent agent assistant at various agencies, including the Agency for the Performing Arts, International Creative Management and Paul Kohner, Inc. I ended my career in 2002 as a talent agent with my own agency: Bliss, Frederick and Associates.

Teaching Responsibilities

Presently, I am planning, teaching and/or coordinating:

Undergraduate Modules:

  • Crimes of the Powerful: Corporate and Governmental Harms
  • Contemporary Criminologies
  • Cultural Criminology
  • Cyberspace, Subcultures and Online Deviance
  • Cybersecurity: Theory and Practice
  • Essential Skills for Criminologists
  • ICJS Criminology Dissertation
  • Murder Investigation: Key Challenges
  • Researching Criminology
  • Questioning Criminology
  • Understanding Criminology

Postgraduate Modules:

  • Key Criminological Approaches: Past and Present 

I also supervise several undergraduate- and Masters-level dissertations and I am 'first supervisor' on a PhD project that explores the suitability of harm reduction strategies for gay, bisexual and queer men who access substance (mis)use-related services through NHS sexual health clinics in England.

Finally, I am the Course Leader Designate for the University's new 'BSc (Hon) Criminology with Environmental Justice' course (launching in the 2022–23 academic year); and, I have just completed my second year as an External Examiner for the Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences at Birmingham City University.

Media Availability

Presently, I'm a regularly-occurring subject matter expert (SME) on 'Meet, Marry, Murder with Michelle Trachtenberg', a new one-hour 'true crime' television series which recently launched on A&E's Crime+Investigation channel in the U.K. and is now airing on the True Crime Network in the U.S. The series, produced by U.K.-based FirstLookTV, investigates real-life cases of intimate partner homicide in both countries.

I've also recently completed filming as an SME on the first season of a new 10-episode television series profiling North American serial killers. The series will debut in the U.S. later this year.

Finally, I've made numerous media appearances at the local, regional and national level on topics such as American politics, the U.S. criminal justice system, the 'Dark Web', U.K. knife crime, psychopathy and the Salisbury poisonings, to name a few. I am also available for interviews or commentary on criminal justice-related issues pertaining to and/or affecting LGBTQ individuals and the LGBTQ 'community'.