Project aims

The project set out to explore the impact of the 1998 Saint Malo agreement between Britain and France on Franco-British cooperation in Africa. Its aims were:

To assess the extent to which this new policy of joint or 'bilateral' cooperation between Britain and France in sub-Saharan Africa has been implemented;To analyse, using a theoretical framework, the causal factors and constraints which have militated in favour of and against the introduction and implementation of this collaborative agenda;To examine whether this and similar bilateral models can serve as a complement to traditional unilateral and multilateral approaches to Africa's challenges.


Principal Investigator: Professor Tony Chafer, University of Portsmouth.

Co-Investigator: Dr Gordon Cumming, University of Cardiff.

The investigators carried out interviews for the project in London, Paris, Brussels, New York, Dakar, Kinshasa, Abuja, Khartoum and Addis Ababa.

The project, which was funded by the British Academy, ran from September 2008 - 2011.

View the Project Executive Report, which was presented at Chatham House on 28 June 2010: Punching Below Their Weight? Critical Reflections on Anglo-French Cooperation.

Future projects

A follow-up project on The EU Common Foreign and Security Policy in Africa is being planned.

Find out more