Centre for Blue Governance
Aquatic environments cover more than 70% of our planet’s surface and the value of the global oceans is estimated to be US$24 trillion.
The scale and importance of aquatic systems impacts biodiversity and ecosystem services and is critical to addressing crucial challenges in climate change, biodiversity loss, and safeguarding human health and well-being. However, despite the fundamental importance of these systems, there are large gaps in our conceptual knowledge and practice on how to best govern aquatic environments for the common good. New holistic solutions are urgently needed.
Blue Economy and the need for ‘Blue Governance’
At the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 2012, the Blue Economy was viewed as the ocean economy, which aimed to “improve human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities”.
Achieving this requires integrating the needs and all stakeholder and interests in aquatic systems. However, there is a lack of consensus on quite what form these mitigation and adaptation measures might take and, crucially, how they might be implemented.
Blue Governance is an emerging concept and integrates Blue Economy and Blue Growth with the governance principle. Governance refers to structures and processes that are designed to ensure accountability, transparency, responsiveness, rule of law, stability, equity and inclusiveness, empowerment, and broad-based participation.
Blue Governance relates to the public and private institutional mechanisms (institutional coordination, private-public partnerships, institutional arrangements, etc.) required to implement Blue Economy and Blue Growth initiatives, strategies and policies.
What is the Centre for Blue Governance?
The Centre for Blue Governance at the University of Portsmouth aims to meet the holistic and multi-disciplinary research needed to inform blue governance mechanisms. The CBG takes a more expansive view of Blue Economy to encompass marine and freshwater systems and conceptualises them as development spaces.
The overall objective of the Centre is multidisciplinary collaboration to contribute to the design, setting-up and implementation of blue growth in countries, regions and political entities. It will develop and provide inter-disciplinary research expertise at both sectoral (various economic branches) and overall levels (coordination, planning) with a strong emphasis on the challenge synergising nature conservation and economic development.
The Centre for Blue Governance will also serve as a nexus to facilitate collaboration across stakeholders in blue governance. It provides multi-discipline expertise to the multi-sector and multi-user landscape of aquatic governance. The Centre's activities encompass research, development policies, social justice and education.
Our four themes
The CBG tackles new and current research themes but also elaborates on new research areas. Our work encompasses numerous sub-topics and four central themes:
Blue policies, planning and security
- Coordination of aquatic economic sectors and inclusion of non-market services (ecological services)
- Spatial planning
- Maritime security and maritime domain awareness
- SDG14 implementation
- Integrated coastal zone management
Blue energy, technologies and transport solutions
- Marine renewables energies
- Logistics and safety
- Port management
- Oil Spill prevention
- Biofouling and anti-fouling
- Off-shore technologies
Biodiversity, blue carbon and climate change
- Marine and coastal ecosystem functioning
- Ecosystem carbon sequestration and storage
- Ecosystem resilience
- Marine debris litter and plastics
- Biodegradation and bioprospection
- Marine and coastal ecosystem service valuation
Aquatic resources management
- Fishery management
- Fishing by-catch of birds, turtles and mammals
- Aquaculture development
- Marine protected areas
- Habitat restoration
- Director – Professor Pierre Failler
- Deputy Director – Professor Alex Ford
- Secretary – Dr Sui Phang
- Education – Dr Jonathan Potts
- Grants – Dr Gordon Watson
- Grants – Louise Butt
- Student representation – Sophie Quintin Adali
- Associate Membership – Iain Pollard